passage2注解:标题为红色,翻译为蓝色,分析为绿色。????do you remember all those years when scientists argued that smoking would kill us but the doubters insisted that we didn’t know for sure? that the evidence was inconclusive, the science uncertain? that the antismoking lobby was out to destroy our way of life and the government should stay out of the way? lots of americans bought that nonsense, and over three decades, some 10 million smokers went to early graves.

1.be?out to是为了做xxx

????there are upsetting parallels平行线(这里指代类似现象) today, as scientists in one wave after another try to awaken us to the growing threat of global warming. the latest was a panel from the national academy of sciences, enlisted by the white house, to tell us that the earth’s atmosphere is definitely warming and that the problem is largely man-made. the clear message is that we should get moving to protect ourselves. the president of the national academy, bruce alberts, added this key point in the preface to the panel’s report: “science never has all the answers. but science does provide us with the best available guide to the future, and it is critical that our nation and the world base important policies on the best judgments that science can provide concerning the future consequences of present actions.”

1.one wave after another一波接一波
2.list列表,enlist召集 内联记忆:en使+list列表,队列=使人成为队列的人的一部分,就是召集。
3.区别记忆:sequence顺序,consequence结果,考研中更多翻译成“后果,影响”,内联记忆:con一起+sequence顺序=一起随波逐流=最终会一定导致结果的产生,结果会带来影响和后果。

????just as on smoking, voices now come from many quarters insisting that the science about global warming is incomplete, that it’s ok to keep pouring排放 fumes烟气 into the air until we know for sure. this is a dangerous game: by the time 100 percent of the evidence is in, it may be too late. with the risks obvious and growing, a prudent people would take out an insurance policy now.
????fortunately, the white house is starting to pay attention. but it’s obvious that a majority of the president’s advisers still don’t take global warming seriously. instead of a plan of action, they continue to press for more research—a classic case of “paralysis by analysis”.
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2005年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第二篇】插图
???to serve as responsible stewards of the planet, we must press forward on deeper atmospheric and oceanic research. but research alone is inadequate. if the administration won’t take the legislative initiative, congress should help to begin fashioning conservation measures. a bill by democratic senator robert byrd of west virginia, which would offer financial incentives for private industry, is a promising start. many see that the country is getting ready to build lots of new power plants to meet our energy needs. if we are ever going to protect the atmosphere, it is crucial that those new plants be environmentally sound.
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1.award奖,奖品 steward管理员,服务员,负责人【谐音记忆法:“是求我的“,是求我的人来了,因为我是这个项目的管理员,他想做这个项目有关的活动,必须要有求于项目负责人。
2.sound. 作名词和动词分别为”声音”和“听起来,使发声”。但作形容词的时候表示”无损伤的,健康的“。

一、文章结构分析
这是一篇环保题材的议论文。
文章第一段先谈到一个与主题相类似的教训——对吸烟有害健康的争论导致了上千万人过早的进入了坟墓。
第二、三段把全球变暖问题和吸烟进行类比,说明现在环境问题面临着当初和吸烟同样的情况并呼吁人类采取措施。
最后两段谈到对这一问题的最新进展,白宫开始关注这个问题。

26. an argument made by supporters of smoking was that ________.
[a] there was no scientific evidence of the correlation between smoking and death
[b] the number of early deaths of smokers in the past decades was insignificant
[c] people had the freedom to choose their own way of life
[d] antismoking people were usually talking nonsense
26.支持吸烟的人提出的一个论点是 。
[a] 没有科学证据证明吸烟和死亡间的关系
[b] 过去几十年里因吸烟过早死亡的人数屈指可数
[c] 人们有选择自己的生活方式的自由
[d] 反对吸烟的人常常在胡说八道

27. according to bruce alberts, science can serve as ________.
[a] a protector
[b] a judge
[c] a critic
[d] a guide
27.根据布鲁斯·艾伯特的观点,科学可以充当 。
[a] 保护者
[b] 裁决者
[c] 评论者
[d] 指导者

28. what does the author mean by “paralysis by analysis” (last line, paragraph 4)?
[a] endless studies kill action.
[b] careful investigation reveals truth.
[c] prudent planning hinders progress.
[d] extensive research helps decision-making.
28.作者通过“paralysis by analysis”表达的含义是什么?
[a] 无止境的研究扼杀了行动。
[b] 仔细的调查揭示真相。
[c] 谨慎的计划阻碍发展。
[d] 广泛的研究有益于做出决定。

29. according to the author, what should the administration do about global warming?
[a] offer aid to build cleaner power plants.
[b] raise public awareness of conservation.
[c] press for further scientific research.
[d] take some legislative measures.
29.作者认为政府对全球变暖的问题应做些什么?
[a] 为修建更清洁的发电厂提供 助。
[b] 提高公众的保护意识。
[c] 迫切要求进一步的科学研究。
[d] 采取一些立法措施。

30. the author associates the issue of global warming with that of smoking because ______.
[a] they both suffered from the government’s negligence
[b] a lesson from the latter is applicable to the former5
[c] the outcome of the latter aggravates the former
[d] both of them have turned from bad to worse
30.作者把全球变暖问题与吸烟问题联系起来是因为 。
[a] 两个问题都被政府忽视
[b] 从吸烟问题中吸取的教训也适用于全球变暖问题
[c] 吸烟问题产生的后果加剧了全球变暖
[d] 两个问题都变得越来越严重
二、核心词汇与超纲词汇1.inconclusive adj.不确定的,无结果的
2.lobby n.接待室;(立法者或其他官员的)游说人
3.grave n.墓穴,坟墓adj.严重的
4.panel n.面板,专门小组
5.definitely adv.明确地,干脆地
6.parallel.n.类似的事物,平行线
7.pour.v.倾泻,涌出;倒
8.prudent adj.审慎的,谨慎的
9.paralysis n.瘫痪
三、阅读答案:c d a d b四、全文翻译:????????还记得科学家们认为吸烟会使我们丧命,而那些怀疑者们却坚持认为我们无法对此得出定论的时候吗?还记得怀疑者们坚持认为证据不确凿,科学也不确定的时候吗?还记得怀疑者们坚持认为反对吸烟的游说是为了破坏我们的生活方式,而政府应该置身事外的时候吗?许多美国人相信了这些胡言乱语,在过去三十多年中,差不多有一千万烟民早早地进了坟墓。
????????现在出现了令人忧虑的类似现象。科学家们前仆后继,试图使我们意识到全球变暖所带来的日益严重的威胁。最近白宫召集了来自国家科学院的专家团,他们告诉我们,地球毫无疑问正在变暖,而且这个问题主要是人为造成的。他们明确地告诉我们应该立刻着手保护自己。国家科学院院长鲁斯·艾伯25特在专家团报告的前言中加上了这一重要的观点:“科学也无法解答所有的问题。但科学确实为我们的未来提供了最好的指导,我们的国家和整个世界在做重要决策时,应该以科学能够提供的关于人类现在的行为对未来影响的最佳判断作为依据,这十分关键。”
????????就像吸烟问题一样,来自不同方面人士的观点坚持认为有关全球气候变暖的科学还不完善,在我们证实这件事之前可以继续向大气中排放气体。这是一个危险的游戏:到了有百分之百证据的时候,可能就太晚了。随着风险越来越明显,并且不断增加,一个谨慎的民族现在应该准备一份保单了。
????????幸运的是,白宫开始关注这件事了。但是显然大多数总统顾问并没有认真看待全球气候变暖这个问题。他们没有出台行动计划,相反只是继续迫切要求进行更多的研究——这是一个经典的“分析导致麻痹”的案例。
????????为了成为地球上有责任心的管理员,我们必须推进对于大气和海洋的深入研究。但只有研究是不够的。如果政府没有先行立法限制此事,国会就应当开始 助制定保护措施。西弗吉尼亚的民主党议员罗伯特·伯德提出一项议案,为私企提供财政奖励,就是一个良好的开端。许多人看到我们国家正准备修建许多新的发电厂,以满足我们的能源需求。如果我们要保护大气,那么关键是要让这些新发电厂对环境无害。

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